Two of the main elements in your office build-out budget will be the hard costs and soft costs. But what exactly does that mean? What’s the difference between the two? And how much can you expect to budget for each type?
AQUILA’s project managers have created budgets for hundreds of office build-outs and tenant improvement projects, and want to help you understand the ins and outs of the process, starting with the basics.
In this article, we will cover:
- What a hard cost is
- What a soft cost is
- What you can expect to budget for both
Hard costs are the costs that go into the physical construction of a space, such as building walls, electrical and plumbing. They also cover the labor that goes into the construction. Hard costs will likely make up the majority of your project costs – about 75% to 85%. These are also the most difficult to estimate without looking at the specific details of a project.
Common hard costs include:
- Paint and Carpet
- Drywall, Framing and Acoustical Ceilings
- Doors, Frames and Hardware
- Fire Alarms and Sprinklers
Hard costs can vary widely, depending on the quality of the finishes you choose and the extent of the renovations you plan to make to a space.
Unlike hard costs, soft costs are not directly related to the physical building materials and labor. Soft costs are any of the expenses and fees related to the services required to design and implement a project that are not direct construction costs. These generally account for 8% to 12% of the total project cost.
Common soft costs include:
- Architectural Designs
- Hiring a Permit Expeditor
- TAS/ADA Inspections if required
- Reimbursables (such as the cost to produce drawings, courier fees, travel, etc.)
Soft costs can sometimes vary depending on the type of project and its complexity, but in general these costs will be easier to estimate than hard costs.
Now that you know the difference between hard and soft costs, find out what else you should plan for in your office build-out budget. Read our blog post Cost to Build Out Office Space: How to Plan and Budget.
To start budgeting for your office build-out, download our handy, interactive Office Build-Out Budget Template.